The Science Behind Generator Sets


Have you ever wondered how generators function and provide power when electricity supply is not available?

Many people think that power generators generally ‘create’ electricity to make machines work but you have to understand that that’s not the case. Generators use the mechanical energy supplied to it by its components in order to force the movement of electric charges that are already present in the wire of its windings through an external electric circuit.

The flow of electric charges herein then induces the electric current output that is being provided by the generator. To further elaborate on this, consider comparing a generator to a water pump pushing water through a pipe. A water pump causes the water to flow through the pipe by means of its mechanism but does not actually create the water.


A brief history

The modern-day generator was based on the principle of the electromagnetic induction that was devised by the Father of Electrical Engineering, English scientist Michael Faraday. His works on this discovery lasted from 1831 to 1832.

According to his principle, the above flow of electric charges could be induced by moving an electrical conductor, like a wire that contains electric charges, in a magnetic field. This scenario can actually create a voltage difference between the two ends of the wire or electrical conductor that will cause the electric charges to flow and produce electric current.

Through this discovery, he was able to make the first generator of time.


The process

How Stuff Works defines ‘generator’ as a device that moves a magnet near a wire to create a steady flow of electrons or electrically charged particles that can produce electric current for a machine to work. Hence, electromagnetism.

The simple process of transforming mechanical energy into electrical energy is the main concerned explanation in this matter. The components of each generator set are mainly brought together perfectly to bring Faraday’s principle to life.

The engine is the source of the input mechanical energy in a generator. Its size must be the same as the maximum power output that a generator can supply. To keep an engine operational, it needs fuel to function like diesel, gasoline, propane, natural gas or biogas.

Meanwhile, the alternator, dubbed as the “genhead”, is the component of the generator that induces the electrical output from the mechanical input supplied by the engine. To properly maintain the right amount of current, a Voltage Regulator is also present on generator sets.

So when the need arises, trust Monark Power Systems. Our generator sets can bring you the best solutions for your needs – energy right where you need it, when you need it. Contact us now for more information!